The Tone of Annabel Lee by Edgar Allan Poe
Fantasies and Frightening Reality
Annabel Lee is a straightforward anthem that is, an account sonnet proposed to be presented or sung. The initial four lines of the six-line first stanza are written in the conventional melody stanza structure. The rhyme plan is like: the first and third lines have four metrical feet, and the second and fourth lines have three feet. The language, as well, is ordinary for an anthem. With the language of fantasies it expresses reality.
At the point when the lyric starts, it seems like a fantasy and gives the reader a sentiment of all that is great and glad. The reader can promptly start to envision a period sometime in the past, in a kingdom far away some place on the shore of a far off body of water. The fantasy tone of this lyric with serve to give the readers a comprehension of the speaker’s encounters inside the sonnet and the impact the events in the ballad had on him.
Be that as it may, underneath this happy tone is a tone increasingly dismal, and Poe utilizes certain words and expressions that give this spooky inclination. Part route through the lyric, the readers start to comprehend this is certifiably not a typical fantasy. Or maybe, this is a dull and frightening story.
The Story of the Speaker
When the speaker and Annabel Lee were youthful, they cherished each other energetically. There is some proof that the couple were really hitched; at one point the speaker alludes to Annabel Lee as his ‘bride.’ So incredible was their adoration that even the blessed angels, who were ‘not half so cheerful in paradise,’ were jealous of it. In their envy, the heavenly attendants sent a chilling breeze and murdered Annabel Lee.
It appears that the speaker’s essential explanation behind recounting to his story isn’t to think back and appreciate again for a minute the joys of that incredible love. Rather, his motivation is to blame the individuals who attempted to isolate him from his Annabel Lee and to let them know insubordinately that their maneuvers didn’t work. Despite the fact that her demise happened long time ago, their affection has not finished. The storyteller is as yet given to her, still longs for her, still feels that their spirits are joined together. He has stayed consistent with her; truth be told, he has truly never walked out on her. He says in the sonnet’s last lines that he goes through consistently lying beside her in her tomb by the ocean.
The whole story is told in the expressions of Annabel Lee’s lover, with no omniscient storyteller to offer direction. The peruser must choose, at that point, how to decipher that story. Edgar Allan Poe may have expected this as a sentimental story of youthful darlings who couldn’t be separated even in death. Maybe, in any case, ‘Annabel Lee’ is the unbalanced impression of a crazy person
On the off chance that ‘Annabel Lee’ has turned out to be one of Poe’s most mainstream ballads, its notoriety is likely owing to its unpleasant mood, its quieting reiteration. In the same way as other of Poe’s lyrics and this is no slight to them the sound is more noteworthy than the topical substance. The story happens ‘in a kingdom by the sea,’ and Poe makes careful arrangements to catch the sound of the ocean in his sonnet. A wavelike rhythm is recommended by the rhymes on the three-foot lines; all the shorter lines in the lyric end with a similar e sound
The resounding of ‘sea,’ ‘Lee,’ and ‘me’ all through the lyric is sleep inducing. Like the sound of waves out of sight, the peruser slowly quits monitoring the dreary sound yet is mixed by it on an intuitive level. Interior rhyme likewise adds to this wavelike beat. In expressions, for example, ‘can never dissever’ and ‘chilling and killing,’ the focused on syllables appear to get a touch of extra pressure.
Symbolism in Annabel Lee Poem
Many Poems use words that have symbolic meaning. Symbolic meanings can expand into multiple meaning and can be interpreted in many different ways. In Edgar Allan Poe’s Poem “Annabel Lee” Mr. Poe uses the words “with a love that the winged seraphs in heaven” (Poe, 1849, Line 11). This is symbolic of a deep warm peaceful love, just as what is meant to be given when hugging someone. Although Poe called them “seraphs” the more accurate term would be “seraphims”, with an I and an M at the end. According to Bonnie Moss in the article titled Hierarchy of angels (2003) “Seraphim are the highest order of the Hierarchy of Angels. These angelic beings spend their time worshiping and praising God.” In the Bible, (KJV), the term “seraphims” is only found only twice. The first occurrence is found in Isaiah 6:2, which states “Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly.” (Isaiah 6:2 KJV) and the second occurrence is found in Isaiah 6:6, which states “Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar” (Isaiah 6:6 KJV). In the Poem “Annabel Lee” it is most likely that Mr. Poe could have referenced any type of angle as opposed to seraphim, however since it is believed that seraphim are of the highest order of hierarchy of angels, perhaps Mr. Poe used them to be a symbol of the highest form of love for his Annabel Lee. Although looking at the bible verses Isaiah 6:2 and Isaiah 6:6 there is no direct mention that seraphim’s are in any hierarchy of angels or if there is such a thing. However according to angelfocus.com There are nine celestial orders of angels, in which Seraphim’s are the highest order. (Angel focus, 2003) This agrees with what Bonnie Moss wrote about angles, as mentioned earlier, and was most likely the commonly accepted idea in Edgar Allan Poe’s culture.
Still there are other ideas about angles. Author L. Meyers wrote an article called the ten types of angles and the roles they play in our lives. In her article she states “The third and fourth level of angels are the Cherubim and Seraphim” (Para 7) This suggests Seraphim are not the highest order of angles. But because Mr. Poe choose the word seraphim, it suggests that he did not take the same view of Mrs Meyers. However it is clear that Mr. Poe believed that the seraphim’s did have wings, which could mean his knowledge of seraphim’s came from Isaiah 6:2 of the Bible.
Another symbol in poetry is the eagle. The eagle has been symbolic in many ways. In the poem called “Spliced Wire” the author writes “eagles, ravens, owls on rims of red canyon.” (Baca, 1982, line 10) The symbolism here is that these birds make very unique and precise sounds that are pleasant to hear. The symbol of the eagle can also mean sharp vision and the ability to see hidden meanings. Eagles also have the ability for speed and agility giving them freedom and power, which can also be a symbolic meaning of the eagle. Freedom and power is a desired trait among men of all cultures. The eagle is the highest flying bird and can represent high places or dominance, or to lead with freedom. According to Trish Phillips:
An eagle’s eyes are up to eight times sharper than that of humans and contain many more color-sensitive cones. Located on the side of the head, their eyes provide a wide field of view. Bald eagles have large wings compared to other birds, allowing them to soar and hunt vast areas with a minimum of effort. During migration they can travel 400 to 500 miles a day. Bald eagles have large, sharp talons and strong feet which they use to catch their prey. (para 5)
All of these traits can be viewed symbolically to whatever a poet would want to utilize it for.
Another symbol from the poem “Spliced Wire” is “pull the plug.” “Pull the plug” is symbolic for putting an end to something, often forcefully. If you are writing about a mission such as a military mission, and the mission gets canceled, you could say someone in command pulled the plug on that mission. Likewise, if you are trying to complete a mission and you get so far, and then it becomes obvious that there is no way to complete the mission, then you could use the phrase the plug got pulled on that mission. In the same way if you are trying to reach any goal and something happens that is sure goal breaker, you can use the plug got pulled on that one as a symbolic phrase.
There are nearly an endless supply of symbolic language that can be used when writing poems or other material.
Evaluation of Edgar Allan Poe’s Poem-annabel Lee
“Annabel Lee” is a poem about a beautiful but agonizing memory to the narrator. The speaker is commemorating his lost love who is Annabel Lee. As narrated by the speaker, he knew Annabel Lee a long time ago when she was still a girl, and they all lived in a place that was near the sea. In the poem, it is clear that the two were only children but their love was so severe that even the angels were jealous. Apparently, the speaker blames the angels for killing his love due to their jealousy. As the speaker argues, the wind came from the clouds and led to Annabel Lee’s sickness and eventually resulted in her death. Readers get conversant as the poem end that her relatives took her and buried her in a tomb. The speaker’s narration is an elaboration of the topic of love that is evident in the poem.
Love is evident in the poem given that the speaker’s narration purely revolves around issues of love. The speaker loved Annabel right from their teenage in a kingdom by the sea, but their love was apparently challenged by the death of Annabel Lee. Still, the narrator does not forget her gone love, Annabel. He instead continues to dream about her, believes that their souls are knotted. He even sleeps in her tomb at night just to remember the gone love. As narrated by the speaker of the poem, love led to the jealousy that he believes led to Annabel’s death. The speaker courageously mentions that the angels were not even half as happy as he and Annabel were. The narration implies how strong the angels’ envy was since everybody assumes that the angels are a very being in heaven. One would categorize the topic of envy in its own, but it also fall under the topic of love in Edgar Allan Poe’s poem “Annabel Lee”. It is the love that has led to the envy as narrated by the speaker in the poem.
Edgar Allan Poe might have written the poem to refer to a number of women in his life, thou there is one specific wife who apparently married him at a tender age and passed on soon after their marriage. Poe mentions the youth of the unnamed narrator in Annabel Lee poem and rejoices the childish emotions similar to the principles of the romantic era back in the eighteenth and nineteenth century. Poe does not describe the setting of the poem with any specificity even as he describes the romantic atmosphere in the kingdom by the sea.
The choices of words used by Edgar Allan Poe do not directly implicate the angels and the demons for being responsible for the death of his love. The speaker tactically blames everybody for the death of Annabel by mentioning that nobody can dissever his soul from the beautiful Annabel Lee, who is already dead.
The organization of Edgar Allan Poe’s words gives the poem a peaceful musical rhythm that shows the overall musicality of the poem. The musicality, in itself, makes use of the refrain phrases such as “the beautiful Annabel” and “in the kingdom by the sea”. The repetition of some words in the poem also creates the musicality of Poe’s poem. The rhyme scheme of the poem emphasizes the words “me,” “Lee,” and “sea.” The organization of the rhyme scheme gives the poem a song like the sound even as the concepts mentioned are enforced.
Edgar Allan Poe makes use of imagery in his poem to show his unique style and subject matter. The image of the Kingdom is the first major imagery Allan Poe uses to explain the situation of their love as it was before death interrupted. The imagery is used by Poe a bunch of times but always in the phrase “a kingdom by the sea.” Just thinking about the meaning of the phrase is significant for readers in setting the tone of the poem. The imagery of the kingdom gives the whole poem the whole thing a kind of fairytale feel. The repetition of the image of the kingdom gives the readers an impression of not being so sure of where they are. For instance, Poe mentions the phrase more than four times in the poem but he does not specify on the meaning of the kingdom. The imagery used, in this case creates suspense when reading the poem and readers are left to have all kinds of imagination. Perhaps it is there to give readers an intense image of time and location very different from our own. The kingdom could also symbolize the tyranny and cruelty of the world that becomes a bad place to live for the poor speaker.
The imagery of the sea is also used again and again by Edgar Allan Poe in his poem. The imagery of the sea ties everything in the speaker’s narration together. The imagery of the sea is evident when Poe mentions the word “sea” without mentioning the other word “kingdom.” Before having to know that that it is by the kingdom, we get to imagine that it is a place full if demons mentioned by the speaker to be a part of those who are jealous of his love. We can imagine the demons slithering under water since our imagination of hell is that it is underground. The imagery of the evil things living under sea makes the sea a scary and dark phenomenon in the poem “Annabel Lee.”
The imagery of the sea is evident when the speaker also mentions his love Annabel to be in her resting place beside the sea waters. The sea pulls everything in the poem as we can imagine the water lapping against the tomb that the speaker is mentioning. The sea is apparently the last word in the poem, pushing our imagination that it rounds the whole thing out. Alliteration is created by the phrases mentioned by Poe that talks about the sea. Readers are left to believe the mysterious nature of the sea even as the poem comes to an end.
The character Annabel Lee is brought out as an imagery in the poem. She is the one the speaker narrates her story in the poem. Apparently, Annabel is the reason for the poem as her beauty, and tender age are the sweetness of the poem. The speaker brings in the memory of her death by mentioning the wind that led to her sickness. The imagery of Annabel is very strong in the poem as readers can imagine her cold body as she dies. In the sad last lines, Poe mentions the beautiful Annabel repeatedly, and her names become like an echo. Her name in the last stanza sounds as if the speak is trying to bring her back.
There is an imagination of the speaker being a kind of a guy one would wish to meet at a party and be interested in the right way. He is imagined as a person who would be charming, engaging, and maybe he would be able to tell good stories. Going, on one would wish to listen to the sad stories he would be able to tell. The speaker is imagined to be somebody in a crummy beach town with amazing towers and big steel gates to make his happiness with Annabel as greater as it seems.
There is the imagination of angels and even demons in the poem. They take the blame for killing Annabel due to their envy for the speaker. The view of the angels is not standard but the speaker has a negative attitude about everything surrounding the angels. The phrase “winged seraphs” is significant in creating a superior and legendary flavor to the poem. Readers can imagine the situation created when angels are jealous of a mere human being. The speaker also mentions that the angels had the perception that they would win by killing her love, Annabel, but the bond between their souls is still strong. We recognize the pairing of the angels and the demons under the same sea, a situation that perfectly looks like an illusion to the religious view of the world. The angels and demons are paired to be ganging up against Annabel, but there is no sense in the imagination since they ought to represent either good or evil.
In conclusion, the poem “Annabel” deals with Edgar Allan Poe’s best title, the death of a beautiful young woman. A comparison can be made between Poe’s poems and the poem about Annabel. A conclusion can be made regarding the speaker’s actions that he did not only want to expose his teenage love for Annabel but also an everlasting relationship between them.
Comparison Of Annabel Lee, There is no Frigate Like a Book and Richard Cory Poems
Poetry is a truly unique and creative form of writing, expressing a wide variety of ideas. It makes one feel and think in a certain way, and to become inquisitive and full of wonder. There are different forms and types of poetry such as song lyrics, commercial jingles, sonnets, and ballads. Some genres of poetry include romantic, gothic, and dramatic. The literary elements in each poem can contribute to the tone and mood that is being evoked as well. Every poem generates a distinctive perspective, and each is special in its own way. Some examples of such poems are “Annabel Lee” by Edgar Allan Poe, “There is no frigate like a book” by Emily Dickinson, and “Richard Cory” by Edwin Arlington Robinson.
First off, “Annabel Lee” by Edgar Allan Poe is a poem that would be mainly categorized under the Gothic genre, although some elements of Romanticism are featured. These Gothic and Romantic elements do help to comprehend this poem, since it describes how the death of the narrator’s lover came to be. Certain words such as “demons” and “sepulchre” can be described as of a Gothic nature, while words like “beautiful” and “angels” correlate to Romanticism. The lines “It was many and many a year ago” and “Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee” portray a reminiscent and sorrowful tone, along with a dark mood, while a romantic mood can be induced by lines such as “But we loved with a love that was more than love.” Literary elements such as personification, repetition, and imagery also demonstrate the tone and mood. For example, “With a love that the winged seraphs of heaven coveted her and me” is an example of personification which depicts a romantic mood. The meaning of this poem is that love can still continue to persist even with the interference of death. Hence, one will understand how strong and powerful love can really be by reading “Annabel Lee.”
Next, “There is no frigate like a book” is a poem of the fantasy genre by Emily Dickinson. With the idea that this poem has a fantasy aspect to it, it does make it easier to understand since the poem compares reading to different modes of travel. Mentioning “Coursers,” “Traverse,” and “Chariot” add to the fantasy concept. Lines such as “To take us lands away” and “Nor any Coursers like a page of prancing Poetry” help to establish an adventurous mood as well as a wondrous and imaginative tone. The literary elements of simile and personification are demonstrated, an example being “There is no frigate like a book” which is a simile that adds to the wondrous, full of thought tone. The point that this poem is trying to get at is that even if one is unable to travel, they are able to still take on explorations by reading a good book. Therefore, one will be able to look at reading with a whole new light.
Finally, the poem “Richard Cory” by Edwin Arlington Robinson is one of the Realism genre. Due to the fact that this poem has to do with Realism, this makes it easier to grasp the meaning of the poem since the character of focus, Richard Cory, provides an insight on life and how it actually is. The following lines and phrases “He was a gentleman from sole to crown,” “Clean-favoured and imperially slim,” “he glittered when he walked,” “richer than a king,” and “admirably schooled in every grace” indicate a pleasant mood, however an ironic tone as well. A few of the literary elements in this poem are repetition and imagery, an example of repetition being “And he was always,” which sides with an ironic tone. This repeated phrase has a hint of foreshadowing to it as well. The message of this poem is that being wealthy and rich doesn’t guarantee happiness, and that people are not what they seem or appear to be. Thus, “Richard Cory” allows for the reader to make connections to human life.
In conclusion, the poems that have been explained, “Annabel Lee” by Edgar Allan Poe, “There is no frigate like a book” by Emily Dickinson, and “Richard Cory” by Edwin Arlington Robinson, can be seen as truly different but original as well. “Annabel Lee” describes how the narrator is deeply in love with a woman by the name of Annabel Lee, representing Poe’s wife and cousin Virginia Clemm, who died due to the envy of the angels in heaven. He is depressed about her death but still loves her greatly. “There is no frigate like a book” expresses the power of reading.“Richard Cory” displays irony in which the poor took to thinking that wealth was the answer to their problems, while the prosperous Richard Cory was not satisfied or content with his life. The messages of these poems are all valuable and truly meaningful ones. Overall, poetry is full of endless possibilities and one cannot expect each poem to be the same.
A view of the spooky features evident in Edgar Allan Poe’s- Annabel poem and Emily Dickson’s- I could Not Stop for death
Gothic Poem Analysis
In the poem Annabel Lee, the poem revolves around a very dark setting and story. One gothic element that is represented in the poem is Mystery. The narrator himself is a mystery because we do not know the true identity of this young boy. Annabel Lee’s death is also a mystery as it states that a “chilling wind” had killed her. The story itself is a mystery as to what happened in their “kingdom by the sea.” Another gothic element is the Explained Supernatural that is shown through the description of “angels” and “demons” around the sea. The supernatural is symbolized by the belief of the heavens and how the angels watch over from above as the demons hunt below.
Gothic elements are also seen in the poem Because I could not stop for Death, by Emily Dickinson. The poem is about a women being pulled in by Death in the form of a wealthy man as they casually stroll through a town in a peaceful setting. We are then informed that she has been dead for many years already and this past event was a memorable one for her. Like Annabel Lee, this story also has the gothic element of Mystery. The carriage and the women itself are a mystery as to why Death had taken her on such a ride to her own grave. Another gothic element that appears in the poem is Cemetery when she is slowly and peacefully brought to her grave. Death brings the women through a final journey of peace before her death so that she can rest in peace at her gravestone that they arrive to.
The Influence of Edgar Allan Poe's Life On His Peculiar Writings
In a normal world, only the deranged people stand out. Known as being the master and originator of horror and detective fiction, Edgar Allan Poe Poe made a huge impact on American Literature. Poe was one of the greatest and unhappiest authors that wrote short stories and poems that were mostly dark.
No matter what kind of story or poem he wrote, they always ended in tragedy. Poe had many hardships during his lifetime which inspired his works, including The Cask of Amontillado, The Tell-Tale Heart, and Annabel Lee. To begin with, Poe was born on January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts. Both of his parents died before he was three and was raised as a foster child in the home of John and Frances Allan in Richmond, Virginia. His father John Allan was a successful business man, so Edgar grew up in a good environment and his schools were first class (Giordano). By the age of thirteen, Poe had a interest in writing poetry, but he was discouraged by his father because his father wanted him to join the family business. Instead, he attended the University of Virginia in 1826 at the age of seventeen years old. After less than one year of school, however, he was forced to leave the university when Allan refused to pay Poe’s gambling debts and had problems with drinking (William). Poe and his father’s relationship deteriorated and decided to join the U.S. Army in 1827. While in the Army, he had a collection of poems, for example, the poem Tamerlane, was published while in the Army. He then was dismissed because a lack of financial support from his father. He then moved to Maryland to live with his aunt and cousin Virginia. Poe then began selling short stories to magazines and became the editor for the Southern Literary Messenger. He married his thirteen year old Virginia in 1836 and continued to edit stories and journals for magazines. He became a famous editor, poet, and short story writer. His father died and never mentioned Poe’s name in his will. His wife Virginia died of tuberculosis, where Poe’s addiction of alcohol and depression worsened. Poe died on October 7, 1849, where his death still remains a mystery. Some experts say the main reason for his death was rabies. Other experts believe it was alcoholism, epilepsy, or carbon monoxide poisoning. He had a rough life and dealt with many hardships, but he succeeded well in Literature. In addition, Poe wrote a lot of short stories and poems based of his love life. He tremendously loved his wife Virginia, and was heartbroken when she died. Poems he talked about his love life included The Raven and Annabel Lee. Moreover, the addiction of alcoholism and the death of his father influenced him to write. (The Conclusion)
William Wordsworth. Poets.org, Academy of American Poets, 16 Mar. 2017, www.poets.org/poetsorg/poet/edgar-allan-poe?gclid=EAIaIQobChMI0tmGu6f63gIVSrjACh0yiQ4ZEAAYASAAEgIDBvD_BwE. Accessed 29 Nov. 2019. Giordano, Robert. Biography of Edgar Allan Poe. Poestories, https://poestories.com/biography.php. Accessed 29 Nov. 2018. Poe, Edgar Allan. Annabel Lee. The Heath Anthology of American Literature, edited by Paul Lauter, Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2014, pp. 2767-2768. Poe, Edgar Allan. The Cask of Amontillado. 1846. PDF file. Poe, Edgar Allan. The Tell-Tale Heart. The Heath Anthology of American Literature, edited by Paul Lauter, Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2014, pp. 2727-2731. Poe, Edgar Allan. The Raven. The Heath Anthology of American Literature, edited by Paul Lauter, Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2014, pp. 2764-2767.
Symbolism and Imagery in Annabel Lee by Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe often utilizes symbolism in Annabel Lee using something concrete to represent his views on the greater mysteries of human existence. By accomplishing this, he allows for a broader interpretation of his literary genius. Poe utilizes imagery and symbolism to develop his theme of eternal and forbidden love. Edgar Allan Poe spent his final months in poverty, tormented by grief, drowning his depression in alcohol and poetry.
In May 1849, in his small New York cottage, he wrote what was to be his last completed poem, Annabel Lee,’ in which he returned to the themes that had haunted him for much of his life. After Virginia’s death from tuberculosis in 1847, Poe’s lifelong struggle with depression and alcoholism worsened. For unknown reasons, he stopped in Baltimore. On October 3, 1849, he was found in a state of semi-consciousness. Poe died four days later of acute congestion of the brain (Lepore 09).
Poe uses imagery to assist his audience in the way they see, feel, and recognize the immense love that the narrator and his beloved Annabel Lee share. Poe establishes the setting in line 2, giving the audience an image of a magical fairytale kingdom by stating In a kingdom by the sea (Poe 1987). Poe creates this fantasy image to mirror the speaker and Annabel Lee’s fairytale romance conveying the extent of the love he had for his wife. Line 38, which reads And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side/ Of my darling-my darling- my life and my bride, / In her sepulchre there by the sea, (Poe 1987) uses imagery to explore another theme. It provides the audience with the heartbreaking image of Poe sleeping next to Annabel Lee’s tomb, making it known to readers that their souls would be forever intertwined. Despite their youth, they share a love that was more than love, (Poe 1987) a love so powerful that envious angels send an unnamed illness to shatter their happiness. Though she dies, his love for her endures, and even years after her death the moon never beams without bringing me dreams / Of the beautiful Annabel Lee (Poe 1987). He is drawn each night to her “sepulchre…by the sea,” (Poe 1987) where he lies down to sleep beside her lifeless body.
The most significant motif of this poem is Annabel Lee. The woman that Poe talks about isn’t ”actually named Annabel Lee. Her name is Virginia Poe (Poe 1987). Annabel Lee could be perceived as the love of his life who has passed away. Poe’s emotions spill through his symbolism. You can infer that Poe has a covalent bond with the woman that represents Annabel Lee. The poem represents the transformation of love after the loss of a loved one. It is a personal experience that Poe is expressing through the narrators monologue. Poe uses the speaker to describe who she was, and then emphasizes the reasons for why he loved her. Then, he explains how he has lost her. The speaker expresses his melancholy and heartache for her death. Annabel Lee can be perceived as an allusion. The allusion would be showing who Annabel Lee really is.
Poe is also super obsessed with the idea of death. In particular, he favorites death typified Victorian culture, which responded to the disease-defined realities of the nineteenth century by blending Christian and classical understandings of death(Schantz 1908). This principle takes a beautiful perspective on death and redemption, using it to express an artistic representation of one’s life. A ‘good death’ was one in which the individual embraced their own mortality with hope and acceptance. Death was spiritualized as focus shifted from the dying, decaying body toward the soul (Schantz 1908). Victorian artists believe that heaven was a concrete place where nature would reunite you with the most intimate people of your life. So to believe that a kingdom by a sea represented a darker heaven that would mend the souls in an eternal afterlife would be a very probable connection to make. The speaker in the poem is experiencing the deep emotional interaction of his lover that has passed on to the other side by crossing over into the spirit realm with her. It is a deep inference that can explain a lot of beautiful eeriness that surrounds the poem.
Another motif in the story is the sea or as it is referred to as the kingdom by the sea. The saying establishes a setting and is used as a literary refrain to represent different emotions at different times throughout the poem. In the first stanza, the kingdom by the sea is used to represent the romantic setting shared with his soulmate. By saying, It was many and many a year ago… that a maiden lived there whom you may know (Shear 06), Poe brings up the beauty of his love in a fantasy-styled way to bring incredible romance to the mood of the poem. In the second stanza, he adds to the romance by stating I was a child and she was a child,… but we loved with a love that was more than love (Shear 06). With this text, he is emphasizing that there love was innocent and playful while still containing the maturity and bond that was greater than love itself. In the third stanza, the mood begins to shift around the kingdom of the sea. By stating, …A wind blew out of a cloud, chilling my beautiful Annabel Lee (Shear 06). Poe adds a deathly shift to the mood of the poem. This represents the way Poe begins to transform his feelings about the sea. You can foreshadow that the perspective may begin to take a lonelier tone. In the fifth stanza, the sea is seen as the line of spiritual transcendence to hell. It states, Nor the demons down under the sea can ever dissever my soul from the soul of the beautiful Annabel Lee (Sova 23-26); which portrays the negative spiritual transformation of the sea as a motif in the poem. It’s seen to hold the demons of the sea, which can also represent all the hardships that Poe had to overcome. The sea with its vastness represents life. Sometimes, sudden humongous deadly waves shows how life may throw obstacles our way. The sixth stanza has already been mentioned earlier. It states that her tomb lies peacefully there by the sea. He lies down by her because even death cannot separate their bond. The mood here is completely serene, but the life doesn’t seem worth living without Annabel Lee. This also points to the loneliness that Edgar Allen Poe felt during the last year of his life when he was struck with poverty, depression, alcohol addiction, and loneliness (Lepore 09).
Poe uses symbolism to place emphasis on the transformation from light to darkness, reflecting the light stolen from Poe’s life when Annabel Lee was ripped from his arms in the darkness that took her place. The sea symbolism shifts from a peaceful, crystal clear paradise to the dark power of nature’s crushing forces when the speaker talks of The demons down under the sea (Poe 1987). Poe uses these lines to emphasize that nothing could sever their bond. Another allusion that could be made involve the “Seraphs”. Seraphs are angels, but he says that they are what killed Annabel Lee, and who took her away from him. If Poe had not utilized imagery and symbolism to develop his dark themes, he would not have created the same effect as the audience felt the narrators feelings of nostalgia, deep romance, and grief. Plus, he would not have been able to build the emotional connection with the speaker, to express the way he was feeling about the struggles going on in his life.