Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
Good Vs Evil – Conflict Between Good and Evil
In the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Robert Louis Stevenson uses imagery to enhance the central message of Good Vs Evil. For instance, “Mr. Hyde broke out of all bounds and clubbed him to the earth. And next moment, with ape-like fury, he was trampling his victim under foot and hailing down a storm of blows, under which the bones were audibly shattered and the body jumped upon the roadway”. For instance, in this quote a man is murdered for no apparent reason, Stevenson makes murder come to life, we can actually see the maid’s perspective as if we are the one looking through the window down upon on them. In the strange case of dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, author Stevenson uses symbolism to enhance the central message of good and evil. For example, “One house, however, second from the corner, was still occupied entire; and at the door of this, which wore a great air of wealth and comfort, thought it was now plunged in darkness except for the fanlight, Mr. Utterson stopped and knocked’. Such as, dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde living in complete different houses. The houses symbolize good and evil, Jekyll’s house is very luxury and homely like while Hyde’s laboratory is mysterious and spooky. In other words, Hyde’s laboratory symbolizes evil while Jekyll’s house symbolizes good from an early beginning. Robert louis Stevenson also uses imagery to express the central message of good vs evil by ‘I never saw a circle of such hateful faces; and there the man in the middle, with a kind of black sneering coolness frightened to, I could see that- but carrying off, sir, really like Satan’.
In particular, Mr. Stevenson all throughout the book describes Hyde as being evil. He even compares him to Satan in the early beginning of the book. We all have our own view of Satan and in my perspective Satan is the highest of all evil. Stevenson also uses allusion towards the end of the story to express good vs evil. For instance, I felt Stevenson also enhances his central idea of good vs evil by including biblical allusions throughout the story. As an example, “This inexplicable incident, this reversal of my previous experience, seemed, like the Babylonian finger on the wall, to be spelling out the letters of my judgment; and I began to reflect more seriously than ever before on the issues and possibilities of my double existence”. For example, this quote refers to the bible verse Daniel 5.5. Stevenson wrote Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde during the Victorian era, where bible study was mandatory and praised upon. He uses the allusion to foreshadow Dr. Jekyll’s death. Jekyll thinks nothing of Allusion the veil of self-indulgence was rent from head to foot”. This is an allusion to Matthew 27.51: “And behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom…” The biblical allusion refers to a communion between God and man; Jekyll’s use of it is referring to a more complete self-knowledge.
Although Jekyll does not claim to be God or anything near that, this allusion hints at a sense of Godlike revelation and understanding. His comment “I saw my life as a whole” suggests that the veil was also rent between his understanding of Jekyll and Hyde as separate entities. Referring to them in third person, Jekyll now demonstrates a thought process that considers Jekyll and Hyde both legitimate parts of his person. This is a very spooky prospect for Dr. Jekyll. A third allusion Dr. Jekyll uses is that he considers Jekyll to now be his “city of refuge”. In Joshua 20 in the Old Testament, Jewish law sets up “Cities of Refuge” for those who have inadvertently committed manslaughter. Through the use of this allusion, Jekyll suggests a few things. First of all, he recognizes that he is guilty, albeit of manslaughter in lieu of murder, for deaths brought by Hyde’s hands, and also that those who seek justice for Hyde are justified. Secondly, Jekyll clearly retreats into Dr. Jekyll, or at least intends to, in order to avoid the consequences of Hyde’s actions. The third suggestion is that, eventually, Dr. Jekyll/Mr. Hyde will be judged.
Comparative Analysis of the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and the Picture of Dorian Gray
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was written by Louis Stevenson with the publication date of the fifth of January on the year of 1886. Subsequently, the Picture of Dorian Gray authored by the famous writer Oscar Wilde was published on the day of the twentieth of June on the year of 1890. Both books share the same location and time period of publication, which was during the Victorian Era taking place in the streets of London.
The Victorian Era was the time between the years of 1819 to 1901 taking place in Great Britain, ruled by Queen Victoria and evidently named after her. Economic, medical, scientific, etc… development were the offsprings of this age, making it an upturning point to the country that has started to flourished and develop completely. However, social oppression was greatly present during that time; British people were victims of harsh prejudices by their surrounding society. This has led to the unleash of a lifestyle extraordinarily characterized by double standards. Therefore, Stevenson and Wilde authored the two books, which are considered social commentaries of the situation that took place during that time. As a result, having written both books during this specific time period has immensely altered the context, themes genres and the use of stylistic devices present in both texts. Even though both books were written differently with divergent plots, they convey the same message or hidden meaning that underlies both storylines. Both texts exhibit the eerie aspects of human nature through the use of stylistic devices, and the implementation of supernatural forces that illuminate the idea duality of human nature in leading a life characterized by double standards. The elements that are used to construct the main shared idea of both texts will fully be explored and analyzed thoroughly and effectively throughout this essay.
Before exploring the texts, the two words that have a great significance to the analysis will need to be defined to give a proper insight on what will be emphasized throughout the essay. Intelligibly, one of the terminologies is dualism. Dualism – by definition – is “the division of something conceptually into two opposed or contrasted aspects, or the state of being so divided”. Due to the social oppression that Victorians used to endure, they were not allowed to fully be themselves; their characteristics or actions – that weren’t in agreement with what society believed in – were hidden. This has lead individuals – back then – to commit illicit or inappropriate actions, because according to psychology: what is forbidden is often extremely attractive to an individual as it is something they have never experienced before. As a result, most Victorians – men in particular – used to indulge in their desires secretly not stopping until they are victims of society’s prejudices. This social oppression has caused individuals to stop abiding by their conscience; instead, society’s judgments is what drives their motives. Because dualism was something with immense significance in England during that time period, this characteristic has shaped and molded literature contextually, in ways which will be further discussed throughout.
Another prominent terminology is the literary genre of gothic fiction; both texts are considered to fall under this genre. Gothic Fiction was an element that was abundantly used during the Victorian Era; it is attributed to be “dark, gloomy or depressing”. The depiction of terror, use of supernatural elements, presence of highly stereotyped characters, and attempt to display techniques of literary suspense are all components of Gothic Fiction, and they are all present in both texts. On the one hand, In the Picture of Dorian Gray, the symbol of the portrait resembles the conscience of Dorian Gray and shows how his values have become more and more deteriorated over time, without his consensus. In fact, it acts as an antagonist to the protagonist Dorian Gray. In addition, it represents the situation that took place in the Victorian Era. As long as society did not know about a person’s indulgences’, they would commence with their doings. Just like the Victorian Era, the portrait has defeated any sense of conscience that was present in Dorian. In the beginning of the novel, Dorian Gray openly condemns and envies the situation to which his picture “will remain always young” and that “it will never be older than this particular day in June” (the day he sat with Lord Henry and Basil Halward), while he “shall grow old and horrible and dreadful” as time passes. Subsequently, the young who is still innocent – when his soul was still not severely touched by influences of Lord Henry – he makes the subtle wish yet very profound in meaning and significance to the whole novel. Gray begins to wonder, if roles were switched allowing him to be the one who remains young and beautiful with his physical attributes not influenced by the downsides of time, while the portrait is the one that ages as time passes, stating that “for that” he “would give everything” and that “there was nothing in the whole world” he “would not give”; sacrificing his soul for the wish to be granted. The moment the young inadvisable man makes that wish, a halt to the effect of aging was put. However, time wasn’t the factor that deformed the picture and made it older; his soul was it. This represents how the Victorian society was like; people took every single word and action said and done against individuals, acting upon them, victimizing people making them endure cruel prejudices.
A mere wish has changed Dorian’s life. After committing his first evil act of causing young Sabyil to commit suicide, the picture gets deformed. At first the lad was alarmed by the deformation and was scared society finds out about his marred soul. Consequently, he takes the portrait and hides it in a room that no one sets foot in. Having hidden the portrait from the eyes of the people and his wish becoming true, the “frees Dorian from his inhibitions” and facilitate him committing more wrong doings over time, knowing that his “physical splendor” will not change as a response to his malevolent actions. The portrait displays the indefinite idea on how fragile the Victorians were; they would take into their pleasures easily, affected by any influencing force due to their oppression by the surrounding society.
On the other hand, in the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the dual human nature of individuals is distinctly represented through the presence of two prominent characters in the novella: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. As explained in the book, Dr. Jekyll – a scientist – knew that he was a respectable man amongst his surrounding society, yet he was in full awareness about him coveting to indulge in his suppressed senses, causing him to not find peace with himself. However, he was unable to openly she depravity to the people around him, damaging his reputation. Therefore, he comes up with a potion in his laboratory – that when taken – makes him feel both enormous pleasures and wickedness, changing his physical attributes into a wholly different person disguising him from the eyes of society – Mr. Hyde. Mr. Hyde appears to be extremely unappealing, deformed, small and shrunken; “he gave an impression of deformity without any namable malformation”. While Dr. Jekyll appears to be sight friends, as perceived by their surrounding society. On the one hand, Dr. Jekyll has a respectable profession, having a high status in his society. On the other hand, Mr. Hyde was jobless, making him from the low social class amongst society. In addition, the name Hyde has a great significance to the novel; it means to be in disguise. Stevenson did not just randomly pick the name. This is exactly what Dr. Jekyll wanted to achieve: taking into his sinful desires to feel pleasure in disguise to the eyes of prejudices. This point brings the reader back to how the context was affected by the time period (Victorian era) the novella was written in.
The physical attributes of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, along with the situation of creating a potion to illuminate Dr. Jekyll’s dark side secretly, without society’s knowledge, represented what took place during that time. Victorians extremely feared to expose their true selves to the eye of the public. Consequently, they would seek to satisfy their yearnings, because what is forbidden will be greatly desired. In the two examples displayed above in both books, the reader can see that for both characters – Dorian Gray and Dr. Jekyll – to take into their desires and be who they truly are, the use of supernatural forces was essential to demonstrate how hard this was like to achieve during the Victorian Era.
The significance of the importance of reputation is outlined when Stevenson and Wilde chose to implement supernatural forces to illuminate the dark sides of the characters. In addition, this represents the presence of a struggle that is great in size to the characters; they both want to be themselves and openly show their imperfections to society without being severely judged. As a result, they resorted to the implementation of supernatural forces that allowed them to display their true identity to the public furtively. Due to the suppression of both characters, their evil sides overcome their good sides. This is evident through the presence of Mr. Hyde overcoming the presence of Dr. Jekyll and Dorian overcoming his conscience by constantly committing sinful acts. However, the idea of the importance of reputation during that time is immensely stressed in both books; this is shown when the characters’ dark sides do not survive, and therefore society wins.
As the reader should know, the portrait of Dorian acts as an antagonist to the protagonist Dorian, constantly reminding him of his sins and waking up his conscience, just by the brief sight of its deteriorating features. Dorian did not appreciate the picture reminding him of his evil soul as it altered his peace of mind and happiness, so he consequently stabs it, not knowing that he is connected to his portrait and dies. As a result, when Dorian dies and so his sinful acts die with him too, the portrait becomes beautiful as it was again. Similarly, Mr. Hyde dies by killing himself. This leaves an impact on the reader that the idea of reputation always won during the Victorian Era; people who imprudently couldn’t control their actions were subject to harsh criticism by their society as their inappropriate behaviors get disclosed. Both character – Dr. Jekyll and Dorian – were alive when they did not indulge in their senses. However, they both enjoyed committing acts condemned by their society, marring their reputations, yet hiding what their souls truly look like in front of society differently. Consequently, their good sides were overcome by their dark sides and they both become wholly evil, which is not appreciated by society. Therefore they both die.
Dr. Jekyll – an Almost Evil Character?
The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde how does Stevenson present Dr Jekyll as a troubled character in chapter 7?
Stevenson presents Jekyll as almost evil in chapter 7. Jekyll is presented in complete contrast to how he is shown in the previous chapters. The mere sight of Jekyll and his facial expression ‘froze the very blood of the two gentlemen below’. Utterson and Enfield are severely affected by the look on Jekyll’s face and the presentation of him in this way makes him seem sinister and certainly very unpleasant. This is ironic as just moments earlier Enfield makes a remark about the fact that it is impossible to see Mr Hyde and not feel nauseated. They then see Dr Jekyll and his face ‘froze the very blood’ of Utterson and Enfield`. Stevenson is foreshadowing here as later on we find out that Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde are actually the same person. When we read this we must also consider the Victorian readers belief in duality, the conception of humanity as dual in nature. This idea and theme in the novel forces us to look back, even more so Victorian readers, and consider where this sense of duality first aroused and how long it has been going on for.
As the novel progresses we see Jekyll develop as an increasingly more troubled character. This really is linked to the arrival of Mr Hyde; it seems to the reader that ever since Hyde arrived it has had a negative effect on Jekyll and all of Hyde’s bad qualities are finding his way into Jekyll. Hyde is presented as devilish and evil the same as we start to Jekyll being presented in chapter 7. Stevenson starts to really show Jekyll as possessing the same negative traits as Mr Hyde, ‘before the smile was struck out of his face and succeeded by an expression of such abject terror and despair.’ As a reader we start to wonder what the link is between Jekyll and Hyde, and why Jekyll is becoming increasingly more secretive and having a bad effect, similar to Hyde, on the people around him. When we read this novel we have to realize that a very key and prominent theme in Gothic novels is a sense of mystery, we as a modern reader of the novel no the ‘twist’ to the tale if you like. However at the time when this was first read the audience would have been unaware of the major turning point in the play. Stevenson structures the play very carefully to lure the reader in and almost tease them by refraining from giving away to many details to the reader. So one of the key ways Stevenson presents Jekyll as a trouble character is through his very clever structure of the novel.
In chapter 7 in particular Stevenson focuses on the setting and although not all the elements of a gothic setting are present some of the key aspects are very prominent in this extract in particular. Stevenson mentions that the court was, ’a little damp, and full of premature twilight’. Stevenson is trying to build suspense in preparation for the revelation of Dr Jekyll’s changed character that we later witness. There is a very clever contrast with the setting of the court, showing the characters of Jekyll and Hyde. The ‘premature twilight’, contrasts with the bright sky that was ‘still bright with sunset’. Stevenson is showing the contrast of Jekyll and Hyde through the setting of the court, but he later reveals to us that Jekyll is becoming closer to Hyde. Then at the end of the chapter Stevenson goes back to the idea of evil promoted mainly by Hyde but now we are starting to see Jekyll creeping into this category. Stevenson cleverly presents the change in Jekyll’s character and him being increasingly troubled through the contrast between the start and the end of this chapter. At the start it seems there is still some of the original kind-hearted Jekyll but by then end we realize that that is all gone as Utterson and Enfield, ‘walked on once more in silence.’ Leaving us with little or no hope for Jekyll. This novel has all the elements of Gothic Horror, first of all it takes place in London a city renowned in Gothic Literature and also in Victorian Society as being a city of danger and two-sides. By day a bustling commercial city but at night everything happens behind closed doors in dark rooms, but also dark and disturbing crimes. In Victorian Society they would have been well aware of this especially being troubled by Jack the Ripper and that idea still playing on the people’s minds.
Stevenson uses many different techniques In order to emphasise Dr Jekyll as a troubled character. His structure means that we don’t discover all the facts at once, it takes time and we only get small snippets and ideas about Jekyll and his changing character. Stevenson also uses the setting of the novel to his advantage, showing the dangers and dark secrets that London has in store.
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: Motif of Darkness
Darkness is seen throughout many of the texts that we have studied, both through setting and theme. I, however have chosen to focus on how it is used in the poems, Musee Des Beaux Arts by W.H. Auden, Disabled by Wilfred Owen, and My Last Duchess by Robert Browning along with the novel, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson. These texts all convey darkness differently, some include the theme of darkness whilst others rely on a dark setting and some even have themes of darkness and dark settings, but this is what I will be exploring and emphasising in this essay.
The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde has a huge focus on darkness as a theme and a setting. The theme of darkness is portrayed again and again throughout the novel. The whole double life complex highlights the theme of darkness perfectly as it is showcasing that Dr Jekyll is releasing his inner darkness through the use of his alter ego Mr Hyde, which is actually the cause of their eradication. Fiona Subotsky has said that “Stevenson shows how important it was for a Victorian doctor to preserve his reputation by pursuing his pleasures secretly.” Which I feel supports my argument that Dr Jekyll is releasing his inner darkness through Mr Hyde, as he is doing it all just to ensure that his name and status continue having a good reputation. It makes the reader begin to question whether good can actually be separated from evil, as shown through their untimely death it highlights that Mr Hyde has only gotten stronger through Dr Jekyll’s attempts to suppress him which is why there were times that Dr Jekyll did not reappear for 2 months as those were the times Mr Hyde was at his strongest and why Mr Hyde was fully able to commit what looks to be suicide. Mr Hyde’s physical appearance also fits in extremely well with the theme of darkness due to it being so hideous, as those who have seen Mr Hyde describe him as “some damned Juggernaut” (Stevenson, 1679) which is taking away his humanity and making him appear monstrous whilst also reinforcing the darkness within him as they are actually saying he is nothing more than a relentless force that crushes others. This is further emphasised when we first encounter Mr Hyde and he knocks over a little girl without any remorse until someone stops him and again shown metaphorically when he crushes Dr Jekyll’s true persona in order for him to continue being Mr Hyde therefore portraying the theme of darkness through Stevenson’s attempt at recognising split personality. Mr Hyde also gets described as “hardly human” (Stevenson, 1685) by Mr Utterson, further emphasising how because he is the embodiment of Dr Jekyll’s evil thoughts and feelings, he is going to appear looking scary and unhuman due to him only having negative and dark thoughts and not having any remorse for any pain he inflicts on others which is exaggerating Stevenson’s use of darkness as a theme once again as he is actively showcasing that the darker a person is, the scarier and uglier they will appear to others.
The setting in The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde also helps to portray the use of darkness and how it helps Stevenson in conveying the mood of the novel. Throughout this novel, the setting is described as “black” and “dark” (Stevenson, 1678) due to a lot of the novel being set in night time London. This alone adds mystery to the novel which shows how Stevenson is using the setting to express darkness because he knows that automatically the reader will know that this novel is set in Victorian London which instantly adds an eerie feel to the novel as people relate Victorian London to Jack the Ripper even though he didn’t start killing until a year after The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde was published and then for Stevenson to go on and allow the speaker to describe the setting as “dark” and “black” confirms that the novel will be full of darkness and deceit. Stevenson uses the setting to portray darkness many times throughout the novel, for example when Mr Utterson is doing his night rounds waiting to stumble upon the cryptic enigma that is Mr Hyde, Stevenson describes the night that Mr Utterson eventually does come face to face with Mr Hyde as a “fine dry night” (Stevenson, 1683) which instantly makes the reader shudder with anticipation due to the use of “dry” as it makes them wonder if something is about to happen that is why the air around Mr Utterson is “dry”. Stevenson then goes onto say that, “the lamps,” were “unshaken by any wind” (Stevenson, 1683) which reinforces how he is using darkness within the setting and also, with the speaker saying there is no wind instantly gives this chapter an eerie feel, almost like something wicked is going to happen which will only intrigue the reader more much like the use of the word “dry”. With there being no wind and this giving it an eerie feel, adds to Stevenson’s use of darkness because all that the reader is thinking about is what will happen next and questioning whether something bad is going to happen. So, therefore through the use of setting it is helping Stevenson to portray darkness by using words that will arouse curiosity within the reader.
Unlike The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Wilfred Owen’s poem, ‘Disabled’ focuses on using darkness as a theme to convey sympathy towards the reader whilst also portraying darkness negatively, as he is showing that darkness is a thing that seems to be taking over the speaker’s thoughts and any positivity or hope that he is. This is proven when the speaker opens the poem with the following, “sat… waiting for dark” (Owen, 2039). This quote tells the reader that the speaker is just patiently waiting for the darkness to fully take over his last bit of hope and positivity whilst also proving that he is isolated. This is due to him waiting alone, wishing and hoping for death to come and take him to put him out his misery, without anyone around to distract him from his thoughts and in this scenario, his thoughts seem to be his own worst enemy since arriving back from the war. I feel that this is showcasing how Wilfred Owen is actively using darkness as a theme to evoke sympathy out of the reader for the speaker as he chose specifically for this quote to be the opening line of the poem. Also, the use of repetition at the end of the poem with, “why don’t they come … why don’t they come?” (Owen, 2040) highlights Owen’s attempt of using darkness to make the poem appear morbid. This is due to this poem revolving around the speaker begging for death and darkness to take him which is further emphasised through this quote. It is like he is begging for the poem to end alone with begging for his life to end, as though he just wants to be put out of his misery and it has gotten to the point now where he is resorted to actually begging for his life to end, very different to how at the beginning of the poem he was just “waiting for dark”, he is now actually begging for dark and death.
Throughout this poem, the speaker is omniscient and has a negative perspective of the world now since his accident. I feel that this is reflecting on how Owen’s is using darkness to evoke sympathy out of the reader because even though we never actually meet the speaker or even learn their name, we feel very concerned by the negativity they are conveying. For example, when the speaker says, “All of them touch him like some queer disease” creates a kind of red flag, as it seems he is saying that just because he is injured people are avoiding him and are cautious when touching him like he has got a disease which instantly brings the theme of darkness into the poem as it is showcasing the darkness growing within him, as he is unable to see that people may only be cautious when touching him because they are afraid they may hurt him, however due to the darkness brewing and building inside him, he feels that they are being careful when they couch him because they want to avoid him and not be there. On the other hand, this quote is almost instantly creating sympathy towards the person in the poem, because it his highlighting the darkness that is growing inside him like previously stated, whilst also emphasising how women will never look at him the same due to his injury and loss of his legs. It is almost as if he is saying he would rather have a killer disease as at least he would still catch the attention of women and they wouldn’t overlook him for the “strong men that were whole” (Owen, 2040) as he himself may not be strong due to his illness but at least he would be whole and they would look at him for him, and not look at him just to give him pity. Again, it is as though he is saying he would much rather be dead than live a life like this where he cannot even win the attention of a woman, therefore exaggerating how Owen has used darkness in this poem to show how a person will think little of themselves after an accident and hate themselves so much that they would actually wish and hope for death just because women will not show them any attention and constantly overlook them for someone who is whole. It is as though “his injury has drained him of the socially constructed masculine image, and he is estranged and detached.” (Pigg, 2) therefore, his loss of masculinity is what is actually leaving him depressed and detached from the world around him, reinforcing how he is allowing the darkness to take over inside of him and take away any chance of his happiness.
Similar to Mr Hyde in The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, the Duke speaking in ‘My Last Duchess’ by Robert Browning seems to be a very strong and dark man that doesn’t show any remorse for the things he has done such as maybe killing his Duchess. However, instead of showing any remorse it seems as though he is actually bragging about it to a servant of hopefully his next Duchess. Straight away we see how possessive and controlling the Duke is, as he starts of the poem by complimenting the painting making out as if he is proud, “That’s my last Duchess painted on the wall” (Browning, 1282) but, the more he seems to stare at this painting, the angrier he gets even going to the extent of accusing her of having an affair with the painter, “Sir, ‘twas not Her husband’s presence only, called that spot Of joy into the Duchess’ cheek” and without her being there to defend herself, the reader is only left to speculate whether she actually did have an affair or whether the Duke is just being over possessive. Also, through this accusation, we see the tone of the poem change drastically as the Duke goes on a full blown rant without actually realising he is in company. I believe that this emphasises the darkness within not just the poem but also within the Duke, as both show no remorse or redemption as “the Duke hints that he kills his wife, as opposed to forgiving her” (Hawlin, 153) further on down in the poem by saying, “she smiled… whene’er I passed her… who passed without … same smile? I gave commands: Then all smiles stopped altogether” I feel that this actively showcases how Browning is using darkness as a theme due to it being so secretive, as we never actually know whether the Duke did kill his last Duchess as he never admits it but, this quote seems to hint at him giving orders to stop her from smiling and it seems the only way to stop her from smiling is to murder her. Furthermore, staying with this quote, it is highlighting the kinds of person the Duke is due to him speaking negatively of the Duchess proven even more so when he says, “as if she ranked my gift of a nine-hundred-years-old-name with anybody’s gift.” Almost as if saying that because he has a well-known name and has been in his family for generations, he believes he is superior than any other being and questions why she smiles at other men when all her smiles should be targeted towards him and his special name once again reinforcing how possessive and jealous the Duke actually is.
‘Musee Des Beaux Arts’ by W.H. Auden is unlike the previous texts I have mentioned due to the darkness in this poem revolving around the ignorance of other people. For example, Auden begins the poem with the quote, “About suffering they were never wrong” which automatically gives the poem a dark feel. Whilst the use of the word “suffering” heightens the darkness but also highlights how everyone is ignoring the suffering around them and just going on with their daily lives, similar to the painting, Icarus which is why it is mentioned in the second stanza of the poem. This then brings around the perspective that unless it is happening to the people themselves, they do not care which emphasises how dark and selfish people can be. As because they themselves are not the ones who are suffering or in Icarus’ case, drowning and dying, they do not care. However, Auden it seems Auden is trying to say do not blame the people, they don’t know any better due to it being “the human position” to just focus on yourself and not others around you. This fits in with Thomas Dilworth’s reading of the poem, which is that he believes the poem is “about the reaction of people to the suffering of other persons”. What I feel that he means by this is that the poems entire focus is on the ignorance of people compared to the people who are suffering, which helps in Auden conveying darkness within the poem.
To conclude, I believe that even though these four texts are very different, I think that each of them have large underlying dark tendencies. Whether that be through the author’s or poet’s use of setting or theme. For example, ‘Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’ have both dark settings and dark themes, whereas the poems focus merely on darkness as a theme and not so much on darkness as a setting.
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: the Original Vs Cloven Vicount’s Adaptation
In 1886, Robert Louis Stevenson wrote the novella, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Since then, the novella has been adapted countless times. Though there are numerous definitions, adaptation can literally be defined as, “the action or process of adapting or being adapted”. Although the term adaptation originally referred to topics of biology, it’s frequent use in literature has become prevalent in developing the definition, “a movie, television drama, or stage play that has been adapted from a written work, typically a novel”.
In 1962, Italian author Italo Calvino wrote the original novella titled, The Cloven Vicount. Set in Italy in the late middle ages, the novella tells the absurd tale of a Viscount who becomes split in half during a battle against the Turks. In relevance, this work has been formally titled an adaptation of Robert Louis Stevenson’s famous novella, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Similarly, Calvino’s adaptation employs the use of Stevenson’s overall message and morals while also adding this theme of personality unification. When the Viscount becomes split into two, one half becomes his good side, while the other is bad or “Hyde-esque”. In fact, throughout the story the reader comes to see that the good Viscount spends most of his time correcting the horrible deeds of his other half. For example, there is a point in the novella where the bad Viscount wounds birds, and the good Viscount helps cure these injured swallows. “For some time the Viscount’s crossbow had been used only against swallows, but in such a way only to stun and wound them not kill them. But now were seen in the sky swallows with legs bandaged and wings stuck together and waxed. A whole swarm of swallows so treated were seen prudently flying around together, like convalescents from a bird hospital, and there was an incredible rumor that Medardo was their doctor,” (213). At the end of the novella, however, both halves are united yet again.
As far as character relations go, Calvino’s novella has a few similar characters to that of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Though the Viscounts are extremely analogous to Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, there are also various other connections that can be inferred. In Calvino’s, The Cloven Viscount, the Viscount’s younger nephew narrates the story. In my opinion, Mr. Utterson is very relatable to this young narrator. Both Utterson and the nephew become very intrigued in investigating Hyde and the Viscount as they each develop into their true characters. For instance, at the end of Calvino’s novella, the Doctor (who sewed the Viscounts back together) and the famous Captain Cook are sailing away just after the Viscount and his wife departed. Concerned, the narrator states, “I began running towards the seashore crying, ‘Doctor! Doctor Trelawney! Take me with you! Doctor, you can’t leave me here! But already the ships were vanishing over the horizon and I was left behind,” (246). This goes to show how invested the nephew was with his Uncle’s condition as he has trouble letting go. I also have come to relate this Doctor Trelawney to Stevenson’s character Jekyll. In a way, the Doctor’s quirkiness in general and of course in uniting the two Viscounts provides a mirror character to somewhat off-shoot that of the original Jekyll.
Though both of these novellas have numerous similarities, they too have several differences. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde employs the use of a more real world approach, versus the skewed world in The Cloven Viscount. Calvino makes use of seemingly real world situations in his adaptation, but at the same time uses a very distinct form of narration to convey such remarkable events. His text is also more innovative than Stevenson’s, and as an adaptation, expands upon the original novella. In other words, in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the reader would not find it very likely for a man to have been cut straight in half and continue to live; however, The Cloven Viscount gives the reader the ability to accept such an absurd and impossible fact. Because of this acceptance, the novella is able to surpass the confinements of realism, which we see in Stevenson’s original novella.
Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde – Book vs Movie
Luka Stojanovic Mr. Horner 9/13/2010 Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: Film vs. Book The book and the movie Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde weren’t too different. The 1920 silent film, “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde,” wasn’t too different from the book. Even though this film version of the book was silent, I could still tell what was happening in the movie due to the fact that I watched the movie as I read the book to be able to compare and interpret what was going on. The film and the book were actually very similar indeed. This is probably because the movie was silent and the director had to portray it more accurately to the book. However there were some differences between the book and the movie. One of the major differences is how each medium portrays the characters differently. In the book, Dr. Jekyll is portrayed as more of a scholarly character or a “doctor” but in the movie he is portrayed as a “crazy scientist. ” I like that the author did this though because it made the movie more exciting as opposed to the book. Mr. Utterson is also portrayed differently. In the book he is portrayed as a more honest character than in the movie. Mr. Utterson advises Dr. Jekyll against some of his actions in the book much more than he does in the movie, but again, the director does this for dramatic effect. The way Mr. Hyde is portrayed in the movie is very accurate though. The movie shows Mr. Hyde as truly being a monster just as in the book. The only difference is that in the movie, the transformation of Dr. Jekyll into Mr. Hyde is much more dramatic. The movie shows the transformation as being extremely gruesome and dramatic whereas in the book the transformation was more gradual and less extreme. Overall, I liked the book more than the movie, even though both were kind of boring and I couldn’t quite understand the book either. The author could have written the book in a more exciting fashion because quite often I would daze off as I was reading and would miss vital parts of the book. However, I thought the movie was worse because it was silent and the only sound playing was the eerie background music. I also didn’t like the fact that it was a very old, black and white movie.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Evil Aspect
Throughout the novel and the movie battle the concept of good versus evil and society expectation as a common theme. Both of the movie and novel have a great quality elements that make them a like, but like everything, people put their own twist in order to catch the viewer’s attention. For example, comparing and contrasting the novel and movie back to back from “Strange Case Of Dr.
Jekyll And Mr. Hyde”, we see different approaches on the “evil” aspect of the Hyde. In detail, the movie made Hyde look like a villain as the novel made him an outcast living his life without society measure.
In both format of this stories their characteristics stays with the similar description but in a different form, but stay with the same concept that Jekyll has two personas, a private persona and a public persona. In public eye, around fifty years of age; he’s a big man and clean shaven, he is known as a doctor, loyal friend, a man of intelligence, and a benefactor for those in need. Privately in closed doors, he yearns for the freedom to do all of the things that would tarnish his public reputation. Hyde is self-serving, selfish, brutal, and destructive. He is angry, uncaring and detached. Without conscience, he feels no remorse for his violent acts. He’s like a child in his fear of being found out….. driven to tears over thoughts of the retribution he might one day have to pay.
In the novel, Mr. Utterson description Hyde as a unhuman like creature stating that, Hyde’s hands as “gnarled, and although he’s a small man, he’s wound up with energy” and “Hyde was pale and dwarfish giving an impression of deformity without any nameable malformation,he had a displeasing smile…”(Stevenson pg 52). As in the movie, the character Mr. Utterson in this case is Dr. John Lanyon doesn’t give the viewer a description on Hyde’s appearance, but we see that his formation into a different persona with human figures in the film (Fleming). With these both description we as viewers or readers can help us paint a picture and influence us to see who the author wants to be viewer as “the evil” character from the movie and novel. I think both the author and director wanted to influence its audience be creating that “bad” image of Hyde and the “good” image of Jekyll.
Both platform have different views on how they protary Hyde as evil. In the movie, Hyde likes to drink, club, and to beat people up to feels pleasure when he engages in violence or acting against the social expectation: “He had in his hand a heavy cane, with which he was trifling; but he answered never a word, and seemed to listen with an ill-contained impatience. And then all of a sudden he broke out in a great flame of anger, stamping with his foot, brandishing the cane, and carrying on (as the maid described it) like a madman. The old gentleman took a step back, with the air of one very much surprised and a trifle hurt; and at that Mr. Hyde broke out of all bounds and clubbed him to the earth. And next moment, with ape-like fury, he was trampling his victim under foot and hailing down a storm of blows, under which the bones were audibly shattered and the body jumped upon the roadway” (Stevenson pg 60). As in the movie, Hyde goes to clubs get drunk and starts fight, stealings from stores, focuses Ivy Peterson to love him and be isolated from everyone just to please him but then kills her when she found out he was Dr. Jekyll, kills Sir Charles Emery the father of his finance Beatrix Emery, and runs away from the police (Fleming).
With these both detailed examples of Hyde’s actions, we as viewers or readers can view and prove that “the evil” character from the movie and novel is Hyde with the help of the author and director to include those to manipulate what we think. I think both the author and director, wanted to influence its audience by creating that an absent idea of Mr. Hyde is Jekyll’s way of escaping his sophisticated lifestyle and entering a totally separate way of life. Stevenson and Flemings uses this marked contrast to make his point: every human being contains opposite forces within him or her, an alter ego that hides behind one’s polite facade. Jekyll largely appears as moral and decent, engaging in charity work and enjoying a reputation as a courteous and genial man, something Hyde couldn’t be and instead embodies evil or in other word “society outcast”. We may recall that Hyde is described as resembling a “troglodyte,” perhaps Hyde is actually the original, authentic nature of man, which has been repressed but not destroyed by the accumulated weight of civilization, conscience, and societal norms. But the novel suggests that once those bonds are broken, it becomes impossible to reestablish them.
In conclusion, there was to diferent forms this story was protrayed but with anzalyize both there will always a different twist based on that the author ot diecrtor wants to put out for the attenetion to understand. Twisting the story can make newer aduience get an insterent on the hidden meaning of this story without reread the older vigure. It always help younger aduience to be able to picture what the stoeyline is telling you.
Repression Regarding "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde"
Sigmund Freud was said to believe that people repress their shameful or immoral thoughts and that they become unconscious. He stated that under the influence of some outside event, it could one day cause a psychical consequence that could be seen as the product of lost memory and as the result of it will remain incomprehensible. (Delusion and Dream, An Interpretation in the Light of Psychoanalysis of Gradiva, Author: Wilhelm Jensen & Sigmund Freud, February 15, 2014).
This relates to the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde in that Dr. Jekyll is forced by the righteous morality of society to constantly cover up his wild and dark desires. However, his repression does not become unconscious. The outside pressures of society to remain good could be the cause for him to create his alter ego, Mr. Hyde. Mr. Hyde would then be the psychical consequence.
Repression is a recurring theme in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. He follows the rigid rules of society and is essentially good all the time. He gives to charity and he is considered to be a respected neighbor and Doctor by his friends and peers. However, he is also a man who believes that people have two sides. A good and evil one. This causes a deeper need to separate the two sides. His experiments with different potions at last lead to a potion that turns him into Mr. Hyde.
Dr. Jekyll is forced by the rules of a civilized society to hide a part of himself, yet the more he hides this dark side, the more he desires to become Mr. Hyde. In the Victorian age of England people were expected to be modest or stoic in their behaviors. You were to keep your emotions and sexual desires to yourself, one was not to ever be violent or drunk in public. These things were all taboo, during these times. This further complicates the issues with Dr. Jekyll as he craves many things that are not socially acceptable.
Dr. Jekyll struggles to walk between his life as an upstanding doctor and his life as the monstrous Mr. Hyde. He is not alone in this struggle between what is moral and immoral. Living a life of repression is not easy for anyone. Mr. Utterson lives a normal mundane life but is jealous of those who live on the edge. “He was austere with himself; drank gin when he was alone, to mortify a taste for vintages; and though he enjoyed the theater, had not crossed the doors of one for twenty years. But he had an approved tolerance for others; sometimes wondering, almost with envy, at the high pressure of spirits involved in their misdeeds; and in any extremity inclined to help rather than to reprove.” (1.1)
There are others within the story that also repress their desires, such as Mr. Enfield. He is curious and nosy at times but repress this because he thinks that showing that side of himself is unsafe. “”Here is another lesson to say nothing,”” said he. “”I am ashamed of my long tongue. Let us make a bargain never to refer to this again. “”With all my heart,”” said the lawyer. I shake hands on that, Richard.”” (1.27) Yet because of the time period everyone must repress their desires, especially in public.
Dr. Jekyll is forced by the rules of society to hide the dark part of himself, to hide his desires and because of this forced repression by society he takes matters into his own hands to find a way to unleash those repressed desires by becoming Mr. Hyde. This would conclude that Freud was in part correct about how repressing one’s desires can cause physical consequences.
Character Analysis of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
In the novel The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the author, Robert Louis Stevenson, details the story of 2 men, who appear to be polar opposites living in the Victorian era. During Victorian times, lower-class citizens, who lived in crime ridden, impoverished areas, were regarded as a degenerate form of life. On the other hand, affluent members of the upper-class were considered fully evolved, functioning members of society. Stevenson analyzes these Victorian concepts by following the story of a quintessential man of riches, as well as a criminal, who repulsed almost everyone around him.
The former, Dr. Henry Jekyll is an admired doctor, from a nice part of London, and is known for his civility. The latter, is Mr. Edward Hyde. Hyde is suspected to have committed two murders, and appears to be pre-human. Stevenson accentuates these men’s differences throughout the story, by juxtaposing the settings they are commonly found in. However, at the end, we learn that Hyde is a part of Jekyll. As a young scientist, Jekyll attempted to split the good and evil in him, into two independent people. He was only partially successful, but he managed to separate his evil into a new persona, Hyde. Stevenson complicates Victorian concepts of degeneration and crime by painting the criminal Hyde’s setting as opposite to Jekyll’s, but at the end suggests that they both exist within each other.
Stevenson represents conventional English ideals, by highlighting Dr. Jekyll as a reputable, charitable doctor. He is a well respected, wealthy person, who lives in a fancy house, in the new town of London. Mr. Utterson calls one of the rooms in Jekyll’s home the “Pleasantest room in London” (Stevenson 44). While most of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde takes place at night, the scenes involving Dr. Jekyll almost all portray a form of warmth and friendliness. This alludes to Victorian conceptions regarding the upper-class, who were viewed as completely separate and above those in the lower-class. Many claimed that rich “white British males such as [Jekyll were] at the pinnacle of an evolutionary hierarchy” (Danahay 18). Stevenson emphasizes the good sides of Dr. Jekyll, to confirm Victorian concepts of the bourgeoisie class. The upscale location and lifestyle Dr. Jekyll is associated with in the book represents how Jekyll strives to appear to others.
Stevenson depicts Victorian crime stereotypes, by illustrating Hyde as an animal like creature, who dwells in impoverished, rundown areas of London. Hyde, who is all of Dr. Jekyll’s evil, personified into a single entity, has done many horrible things. He trampled a young girl, and murdered a man, without feeling any remorse. Edward Hyde’s character parallels the setting he was placed in. In the novel, Hyde is frequently associated with the dilapidated door, on the back of Jekyll’s house. The door juts out into an alley, and all the windows are boarded up.
Hyde also often resides in the slums of London, which Utterson refers to as “ a district of some city in a nightmare” (Stevenson 49). Not only does Hyde himself appear to others as a repulsive, horrible character, but he spends his time in neglected, corruption prone areas, highlighting his reputation as a primitive being. Placing Hyde in decrepit settings allows Stevenson to evoke Victorian “theories of both evolution and degeneration in his descriptions of Mr. Hyde as a kind of monkey” (Danahay 20). Edward Hyde represents the lower-class, living in 20th century England, and how they were considered primitive compared to the upper-class. Stevenson purposely places Hyde in battered settings, to accentuate qualities that people in Victorian times were ashamed of, and tried to suppress.
Despite Stevenson spending most of the book differentiating Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, at the end he demonstrates that Jekyll isn’t entirely above Hyde’s actions. Dr. Jekyll is unhappy with man’s dual nature, and attempts to separate his good and evil in search of inner peace. He has high expectations, set by himself and others, that he feels he needs to live up to. Consumed by his rich lifestyle he craves to let out the immoral part of him. Jekyll states that if his personalities could be “housed in separate identities, life would be relieved of all that was unbearable” (Stevenson 77). The doctor feels repressed by the standards society has created for him, and is constantly trying to be perfect to live up to his reputation. In the form of Hyde, he has no conscience to repress his negative thoughts, and can act on his urges, without trepidation of repercussions from those around him. While Dr. Jekyll is in the form of Hyde, he looks and acts like a degenerate.
However, there are certain attributes of Hyde that oppose Victorian evolutionary concepts. For example, he has a very eloquent vocabulary, and a luxuriously furnished home, which one would not expect from a murderer like Hyde. There are also certain attributes of Jekyll, that he has to keep hidden, to sustain his esteemed reputation. Although on the surface Dr. Jekyll models Victorian expectations of the upper-class, his “veneer of gentility . . . concealed so much of what was really going on in Victorian bourgeois society” (Danahay 24). As shown through Hyde, Jekyll, along with the rest of the upper-class, is not as perfect as he appears to be. This is because the evil Mr. Edward Hyde is merely a suppressed part of the affluent Dr. Henry Jekyll, and is carrying out actions that Jekyll’s conscience would have otherwise quelled. To be successful in Victorian London, Dr. Jekyll needs to maintain his morals, his friendships, his job, and his wealth. Living in a constant state of repression, he let out Hyde, who commits the sins Jekyll suppresses, because they would put his reputation on the line.
Throughout the story, Stevenson separates the lifestyle of Jekyll and Hyde, but in the end, he shows that they are not independent of each other. When Dr. Jekyll originally attempts to separate the evil inside of him, he succeeds in one way, because the bad side of him exists as a person. However, externalizing Hyde does not make Jekyll himself wholly good, as he is often perceived to be. Victorian London appeared impeccable to outsiders, due to its seemingly wealthy, successful population. What many people didn’t acknowledge were the extremely poor, run down, crime infested slums of London, hidden by the cities façade of perfection.
Similarly, Dr. Jekyll is constantly concealing negative parts of his personality, hiding behind a mask of prosperity and achievements. When Jekyll’s evil side is let out to the world, he can release his true thoughts as Hyde, without fear of backlash from society. Despite a clear juxtaposition in setting between the two characters, they aren’t as separate as they are portrayed, because Hyde will always exist within Jekyll, and Jekyll will always exist within Hyde.
Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde's Trauma
Dissociative identity disorder is usually a reaction to trauma as a way to help a person avoid bad memories. When people face traumatic experiences, they have a choice to cope in a healthy or unhealthy way. Sometimes in extreme cases, they believe that having another identity could help them cope by escaping their current reality. For example, Dr. Jekyll has created a different personality, Hyde, that he uses to escape his reality and create a new one. Through Mr. Hyde, Dr. Jekyll displays a Dissociative identity disorder due to a traumatic experience that happened in his past.
Dr. Jekyll displays signs of an abused childhood by having a second personality, Mr. Hyde. Jekyll uses Hyde to forget and run away from the pain. It is shown that, “Among childhood trauma types, only physical abuse and physical neglect predicted dissociation [identity].” (Sar et al. 1). He is saying that the reason to dissociative identity is not only childhood trauma, but abuse as well. Childhood trauma can cause dissociative identity by allowing the kid to escape to a different reality, due to the creation of another personality. In about 90% of dissociative identity cases there is a history of child abuse.
Dissociative identity is another way for people and kids get away from the world and create a new and better one. Some signs of dissociative identity is having nightmares, zoning out, and memory problems. Jekyll shows these signs throughout the book by waking up without realizing what he did. For example when he killed Carew in the alleyway. Dr. Jekyll stated, while talking to Mr. Utterson, “I know you have seen him…and I fear he was rude.”(Stevenson, 13). Under the context, it seems that he does not remember meeting him. That’s shows that he does not remember what happens whenever he is Mr. Hyde, which is a prime example of dissociative identity disorder.
Another traumatic experience that could happen is a close family member dying, or a mentor dying. They use their second personality to escape the pain of losing someone they loved. It is most common that because of a loss of a loved one, people generally create a different personality to disband the pain in their original world. Some signs are a loss of identity as related to individual distinct personality states, and loss of time, sense of self and consciousness. In the book, it shows lots of times where Dr. Jekyll wakes up, not remembering what happened when he was Hyde. For instance, in the book Jekyll turns into Hyde by accident at a park, “ I looked down; my clothes hung formlessly on my shrunken limbs…I was once more Edward Hyde” (Stevenson 51). This shows that he realizes that he changes, but not what he does, and example of this, “Dr. Jekyll was a double personality because he remembered the process of transformation (what today we would call dissociation), but not what he did while he was Mr. Hyde.” (Waiess Vol. 93, Iss. 3,).
Also now Jekyll can switch to Hyde with just thoughts instead of potions, which shows how someone with Distinctive Personality disorder can escape to there other reality with just a thought and idea instead of a trigger of some sort. It becomes easier to escape if they lost a loved one, by remembering who the deceased was to them. Just the thought of that person can send someone into a deep depression, which they will heal by switching personalities and becoming a different person. When a person switches to another personality, they usually feel completely different and not normal. In the book, Jekyll describes this as, “ … something indescribably new and, from its very novelty, incredibly sweet. I felt younger, lighter, happier in body…” (Stevenson 44). This shows that whenever he transformed into Hyde he felt, “ happier in body” (Stevenson 44) which proves that when he was Jekyll, he felt pain and depression, most likely because of a traumatic childhood past.
Jekyll was suffering with a weight of a traumatic childhood either from a close family member dying or something else that changed his life, and he used Hyde to escape all those feelings. When he was Hyde he felt free and happy, but he realized that Hyde always had hatred in his mind. He realized that it was a mistake to use Hyde to run away from his past, so he began to stay as Jekyll and not change. This caused a deep depression and he could not last long, he needed to change to Hyde to have the feeling of being happy and free again. Most people need to switch to their different personality to stay away from suicidal thoughts and actions.
A different way Jekyll can be diagnosed with Distinctive personality disorder is by being alone and not having much social interactions with other people when they were a child. When someone is alone their whole childhood life, it creates an image and gets them thinking why. They start asking if something is wrong with them and will live the rest of their life thinking that they are awkward and weird to others. In the book, Jekyll was sitting inside alone stating that he was, “ Very low. It will not last long, thank God.” (Stevenson 25). This was right after he stopped becoming Hyde. It was a cause and effect of the childhood trauma. Because Jekyll stopped becoming Hyde, he became very depressed and didn’t want to see anyone or go outside. In the book, Jekyll does not live with anyone except waiters, servant, and maids. He does not have a lover or any family that live with him.
Jekyll even wanted to be left alone for a long time, “‘The doctor is confined to the house’ Poole said, ‘and saw no one’” (Stevenson 22). His want to be alone shows that he never had that much social interactions when he was a child. If he did then he would not be able to stay alone in his room without seeing his friends. He would be so used to having people and friends to talk to that he would be uncomfortable by being alone in a room. As a child he would learn that it is weird not having friends to interact with, so that would cause him to always want to be around friends his whole life. But, it is the opposite with Jekyll. He had a traumatic childhood due to a decrease in social interactions with other kids. The effect of his childhood, caused him to create a different personality, Mr. Hyde, which would take out all the anger he had on the inside and bring it to the outside world.
Throughout the whole book, the idea of dissociative identity disorder is the constant theme. Jekyll is always showing signs of dissociative identity disorder in the book. Stevenson was very successful on giving the message of the book. The readers could really understand what he has trying to say under the words and pages. Dissociative identity disorder has been a very interesting and questionable topic to get information on. Lots of people suffer from this disease. They usually do not have people to love on them and care for them, only because the people think they are crazy. People with Disabilities are usually left alone and outcastes by the whole world, that is why we should embrace them instead of allowing them to feel left out. Every human, whether they have something psychologically wrong or are physically deformed, should be treated no different than those that appear normal. Everyone is different and weird in their own way.